S NUTRIENTS RTENTION OF SEVERAL BIOCHARS AND THEIR EFFECT ON N,P, K UPTAKE OF UPLAND-RICE .

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Sukartono Sukartono

Abstract

ABSTRACT


Application of biochar to agriculture soils has been considered as means to improve soil quality and carbon sequiestration. Therefore, the understanding of chemical and physical properties of biochars is important to identify suitable use of biochar for improving soil fertility and carbon sequestration.  Biochars were produced from phyrolizing five different feedstock from crops residues (rice straw- BPJ,  rice husk- BPS, maize cobs- BJT,  peanuts shell- BKC and soybean residues-BKE). Using muffle furnace heating  under 400oC. The potential  nutrients retention of those biochars in particular for NH4+, K+. Ca++, dan Mg++. was tested. througha leaching experiment established in Soil Physic laboratory at Faculty of Agriculure, University of Mataram . The physicochemical properties of biochars were likely varied among fives feedstocks.  The biochars derived from soybean residues (BKE),  peanut biomass (BKC) and maize cobs (BJT) contained higher mutrients (i.e. C, N, K, Ca and Mg) compared to biochars produced  from rice straw (BJP) and rice husks (BPS). Total-C of  BKE, BKC dan BJT were  51,73; 57,36 dan 53,53 % respecively.  The variation of phyisicochemical properties from different biomass strongly related to different nutrient retention whenever the biochars are applied in soils.  Biochars produced from legume crops biomass such as soybean and dan peanuts  werethe highest nutrients retention, followed by maize cobsand rice straw biochars.   Unde glass house test, the tree biochars namely BPS, BJT and BKE have similar effect on  N,P, K uptake as well as to dry weight biomass.

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How to Cite
SUKARTONO, Sukartono. S NUTRIENTS RTENTION OF SEVERAL BIOCHARS AND THEIR EFFECT ON N,P, K UPTAKE OF UPLAND-RICE .. CROP AGRO, Scientific Journal of Agronomy, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 01, p. 9-19, feb. 2019. ISSN 2621-5748. Available at: <https://cropagro.unram.ac.id/index.php/caj/article/view/247>. Date accessed: 19 apr. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.29303/caj.v12i01.247.
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